Updates released by Cisco for its Unified Communications Domain Manager (UCDM) and Elastic Services Controller (ESC) products patch critical vulnerabilities that can be exploited by remote attackers.
According to Cisco, UCDM releases prior to 11.5(2) are affected by a flaw that allows a remote, unauthenticated attacker to bypass security protections, obtain elevated privileges, and execute arbitrary code.
“The vulnerability is due to insecure key generation during application configuration. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by using a known insecure key value to bypass security protections by sending arbitrary requests using the insecure key to a targeted application,” Cisco said in its advisory.
The security hole is tracked as CVE-2018-0124 and it was discovered by Cisco itself during internal security testing.
A critical vulnerability was also discovered by Cisco during internal security testing in the company’s ESC product, specifically the authentication functionality of the web-based service portal.
The flaw, tracked as CVE-2018-0121, allows a remote attacker to bypass authentication and gain administrator privileges on the service portal. The authentication mechanism can be bypassed by submitting an empty value when prompted to enter an admin password.
The vulnerability affects ESC 3.0.0 and it has been addressed with the release of version 3.1.0. This version also patches a high severity unauthorized access vulnerability caused by the presence of default credentials for the service portal.
Cisco also informed customers on Wednesday of a high severity denial-of-service (DoS) vulnerability in the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) management connection interface of the company’s Unified Customer Voice Portal (CVP) product. A remote attacker can exploit this flaw to cause a DoS condition by initiating a specially crafted connection to the IP address of the targeted device.
Cisco says there is no evidence that any of these vulnerabilities have been exploited in malicious attacks.
Cisco on Wednesday also released advisories for cross-site scripting (XSS), cross-site request forgery (CSRF) and DoS flaws affecting its UCS Director and Integrated Management Controller Supervisor, Unified Communications Manager, Prime Service, Prime Collaboration, Jabber Client Framework, Data Center Analytics Framework, and Unity Connection products, but they have all been assigned a “medium” severity rating.